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Flesh Eating bacteria that can kill in 2 days| A rare and deadly bacteria that is on rise in Japan!

Nearly 1000 cases of Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS) has been reported by June 2024, in Japan. This infection has drawn most attention after COVID 19.According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), flesh eating bacteria are Group A Streptococcus(GAS) bacteria, mostly found in the throat, that usually cause sore throat and skin infections.STSS is caused when the GAS bacteria enters the body areas where bacteria are rarely found such as deep muscles and blood.Who is at risk of getting STSS?- People who are above age 65- Who recently had surgery- Who have had chickenpox, shingles, recently- Who has diabetes, and open wounds or sores- And people who drink alcohol regularlyWhat are symptoms of STSS?It starts with fever, chills, rashes, muscle pain, nausea and vomiting.It usually gets well initially and then causes acute illness which leads to low blood pressure in 24-48 hours and organ failure with increased heart rate.How is STSS treated?STSS is treated with antibiotics and intravenous fluids and other treatment options for organ failure and surgery to remove infected tissue.Source:-1. Davies H. D. (2001). Flesh-eating disease: A note on necrotizing fasciitis. The Canadian journal of infectious diseases = Journal canadien des maladies infectieuses, 12(3), 136–140. https://doi.org/10.1155/2001/8571952. Dennis L. Stevens, The Flesh-Eating Bacterium: What's Next?, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 179, Issue Supplement_2, March 1999, Pages S366–S374, https://doi.org/10.1086/513851Disclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment. Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h..https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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Summary of Infectious Diseases

What are the steps in the cycle of transmission for infectious diseases?These step are:-Nature of Infectious Diseases:Communicable diseases, also known as infectious or transmissible diseases, are caused by pathogenic microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites).Spread occurs directly or indirectly through water, food, air, or environmental factors.Common Examples of Infectious Diseases:TuberculosisDiarrheaMalariaDengueHIVPneumoniaCycle of Transmission - 5 Steps:Source of Pathogen: Pathogens found in various habitats, including soil, water, air, animals, and humans.Mode of Transmission: Spread through physical contact, ingestion, feces or insects, or inhaling contaminated droplets or air.Routes of Transmission: Infection spreads via respiratory tract, mucosal membrane, skin, mouth, etc.Spread in Host Body: Pathogens multiply and spread within the host body using phagocytes, lymphatic vessels, or blood vessels.Virulence of Pathogen: Factors like host immunity, microorganism potency, weather conditions, and time of detection contribute to the level of harm caused.Common Symptoms:FeverFatigueDiarrheaMuscle painPrecautions and Treatment:Vaccination is the best preventive measure.Simple precautions include regular handwashing, staying home when sick, avoiding close contact with sick individuals, and refraining from touching eyes, nose, or mouth.Treatment involves antibiotics for bacteria, antivirals for viruses, and antifungals for fungi, prescribed based on the severity of the condition.Disclaimer : This video is for educational purposes only. Please consult your doctor for any health or medicine related query. Reliance on any information provided by Medwiki is solely at your own risk.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?hl=enhttps://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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Can Gut Bacteria help Fight Infections?

Have you ever wondered if your gut bacteria could help you fight off infections?Recent research has shown that the microbiome in our gut plays a significant role in our immune system.Here are some facts and evidence to support this claim:1. Gut bacteria help in the production of antibodies: Antibodies are proteins produced by our immune system to fight off infections. Studies have shown that gut bacteria play a critical role in the production of these antibodies.2. The gut microbiome communicates with the immune system: The gut microbiome communicates with the immune system through various channels. This communication helps the immune system recognize and fight off infections.3. Gut bacteria can protect against harmful pathogens: Certain types of gut bacteria have been shown to protect against harmful pathogens such as Salmonella and E. coli.4. Antibiotics can affect the gut microbiome: Antibiotics are designed to kill harmful bacteria, but they can also kill beneficial bacteria in our gut. This can lead to a weakened immune system and an increased risk of infections.5. A healthy gut microbiome can boost the immune system: A healthy gut microbiome can help boost our immune system's ability to fight off infections.In conclusion, the evidence suggests that our gut bacteria plays a crucial role in fighting off infections. By maintaining a healthy gut microbiome, we can help strengthen our immune system and protect ourselves from harmful pathogens.Source:-1. Maciel-Fiuza, M. F., Muller, G. C., Campos, D. M. S., do Socorro Silva Costa, P., Peruzzo, J., Bonamigo, R. R., Veit, T., & Vianna, F. S. L. (2023). Role of gut microbiota in infectious and inflammatory diseases. Frontiers in microbiology, 14, 1098386. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2023.10983862. Zhang, Y. J., Li, S., Gan, R. Y., Zhou, T., Xu, D. P., & Li, H. B. (2015). Impacts of gut bacteria on human health and diseases. International journal of molecular sciences, 16(4), 7493–7519. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms16047493Disclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment. Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h…https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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Pathophysiology of Typhoid Fever!

Typhoid fever is a serious illness caused by a bacteria called Salmonella typhi. When these bacteria enter the body, they are swallowed and taken up by cells in the gut. These cells then pass the bacteria to other immune cells in the gut lining. The bacteria use fimbriae(hair like structure) to stick to the gut wall, helping them to grow and cause infection.The bacteria have certain traits that make them harmful. For example, they produce a substance called Vi antigen that helps them avoid being eaten by immune cells. They also have flagella that allow them to move around and attach to the gut lining. These traits help the bacteria invade the body and cause disease.Typhoid fever usually starts with stomach problems and then progresses to a high fever, headache, and belly pain. In severe cases, it can lead to serious complications like blood infections, heart problems, pneumonia, and infections in other organs. Some people who get typhoid fever can become carriers of the bacteria even after they recover, spreading the infection without showing symptoms.Watch our next video to know about ”Drugs Used for Treatment of Typhoid Fever!Source1:-(n.d.). Retrieved March 7, 2024, from https://www.pennmedicine.org/for-patients-and-visitors/patient-information/conditions-treated-a-to-z/typhoid-feverSource2:-Bhandari J, Thada PK, DeVos E. Typhoid Fever. [Updated 2022 Aug 10]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2024 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK557513/Disclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment.Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h…https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in

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Tests to Diagnose Typhoid!

To diagnose typhoid fever, healthcare providers typically rely on a combination of tests. These tests include:Culture Test: A sample of blood, stool, urine, or bone marrow is collected and cultured in a lab to identify the presence of Salmonella typhi bacteria. Results take 2-3 days.Antibody Test: This test checks for antibodies produced in response to typhoid bacteria by examining a blood sample. Results are usually available within a day or two.DNA Test: Detects the genetic material of Salmonella typhi in a patient's sample using PCR. Results can be obtained rapidly, aiding early diagnosis.Bone Marrow Culture: Highly sensitive for detecting Salmonella typhi, this test involves collecting a bone marrow sample under local anesthesia. Results may take a few days.Real-Time PCR: A molecular technique amplifying specific DNA sequences for early diagnosis within the first 5 days of symptoms. Results are available rapidly.Widal Test: Detecting specific antibodies against Salmonella typhi, this test may yield results within a day or two but has limitations due to inaccuracies.These tests are vital for diagnosing typhoid fever, guiding healthcare providers in determining the most effective treatment for patients.Watch our next video to know about ”Pathophysiology of Typhoid Fever!Source1:-Symptoms and Treatment | Typhoid Fever | CDC. (n.d.). Symptoms and Treatment | Typhoid Fever | CDC. Retrieved March 7, 2024, from https://www.cdc.gov/typhoid-fever/symptoms.htmlSource2:-Typhoid fever. (2024, March 8). Typhoid fever. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/typhoid-fever/diagnosis/Disclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment.Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h…https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in

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New Discovery May Lead To a Cure For Deadly Malaria Parasite

How did the study on long noncoding ribonucleic acids (lncRNAs) in Plasmodium falciparum contribute to understanding the parasite's life cycle, sexual differentiation for malaria?These follow are :-Malaria Statistics (2020):Clinical Cases: 241 millionDeaths: 627,000Key Culprit: Plasmodium falciparumVulnerable Groups: Pregnant women and young children in endemic areasResearch Focus:Objective: Understand gene expression regulation in P. falciparum lifecycle.Investigative Molecule: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs)Connection to Diseases: LncRNAs associated with neurological disorders and cancer.Specific Study on P. falciparum LncRNAs:Targeted Aspect: Regulation of sex determination and sexual differentiation.Localization Impact: LncRNAs found in different cellular compartments.Total LncRNAs Identified: 1,768New Discoveries: 718 previously unknown lncRNAs.Role Significance: Novel lncRNAs crucial for parasite lifecycle progression.Implications of Findings:Insights Gained: Understand P. falciparum lifecycle, sexual differentiation, and gene regulation.Therapeutic Potential: Targeted strategies against P. falciparum envisioned.Goals:Halt Lifecycle Progression.Block Transmission to Mosquitoes.Prevent Malaria Spread.Researcher Outlook:Hopeful Impact: Novel insights contributing to the development of antimalarial therapies.Long-term Goal: Combat malaria by disrupting the parasite's lifecycle and transmission pathways.Sources:https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2023/08/230828162349.htmDisclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment. Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h..https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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Dengue Virus Cause of Dengue Fever

The Dengue Fever Originates from Dengue VirusDengue transmission is primarily through bites of infected Aedes mosquitoes, especially Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Dengue fever is caused by single-stranded RNA viruses of the genus Flavivirus, specifically four serotypes of dengue virus DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4.Each serotype shares approximately 65% of its genome with the others, still they cause the same disease and range of symptoms. Infections with one serotype provide temporary immunity to that specific serotype but not to the other serotypes. For example, an individual who recovers from a DENV-1 infection will be immune to further DENV-1 infections but remains susceptible to DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4 infections.Subsequent infections with different serotypes can place individuals at a greater risk for serious forms such as dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Some studies have shown that certain serotypes, such as DENV-2 and DENV-4, tend to cause more severe disease than others. Additionally, the presence of a specific serotype in circulation can impact the overall severity of dengue outbreaks.Watch our next video to know about “Signs and Symptoms of Dengue Fever!”Source1:-Schaefer TJ, Panda PK, Wolford RW. Dengue Fever. [Updated 2022 Nov 14]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2024 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK430732/Source2:-Dengue | CDC Yellow Book 2024. (2024). Dengue | CDC Yellow Book 2024. https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2024/infections-diseases/dengueDisclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment. Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h...https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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Symptoms of Typhoid Fever!

Typhoid fever is caused by the bacterium S. Typhi, found in the gut of infected individuals. The symptoms of typhoid fever include:It is characterized by a sustained fever (typically between 103-104°F (39-40°C) that lasts for several days.Significant weakness and fatigue due to the body's immune response to the infection.The infection can cause inflammation in the stomach, leading to pain and discomfort.It can also cause a headache due to the body's inflammatory response and the infection itself.Diarrhea or constipation, depending on the severity of the infection and the individual's response to it.In some cases, it can cause a cough, which may be due to inflammation in the respiratory system.The infection can lead to a loss of appetite, making it difficult for the body to get the nutrients it needs to fight the illness.Rash of flat, rose-colored spots: In some cases, a rash of flat, rose-colored spots may develop on the skin, particularly in the groin areas.If the infection spreads beyond the intestines, it can lead to sepsis, a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention.The infection can cause inflammation in the heart muscle, leading to heart failure in severe cases.Watch our next video to know about ”Typhoid Mary: The Real Spreader of Typhoid!Source:-(n.d.). Retrieved March 7, 2024, from https://www.pennmedicine.org/for-patients-and-visitors/patient-information/conditions-treated-a-to-z/typhoid-feverDisclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment.Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h…https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in

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Measles Symptoms, Transmission, Prevention!

What is measles and How it is caused?Measles is one of the most contagious diseases caused by a virus. It spreads easily when someone with measles breathes, coughs, or sneezes. Anyone can get sick, but it's more common in children.The virus starts in the respiratory tract and then goes through the whole body. You can catch measles by being near someone with it or touching surfaces they touched. The virus stays active for up to two hours in the air or on things. If one person has measles, they can make nine out of 10 people close to them sick if they're not vaccinated.Measles symptoms show up 10-14 days after being near the virus. Early signs last 4-7 days and include:A runny nose,Cough,Red eyes, andSmall white spots inside the cheeks.A rash starts about 7-18 days later, It starts as red spots on your face, then spreads down the body. Smaller raised white spots may merge on the red rash, as it progresses. It lasts 5-6 days before fading.Measles has no cure; the virus runs its course in approximately 10 to 14 days. The measles vaccine is the most effective way to prevent the virus and ensures immunity.Source1:-Measles. (2024, February 9).Measles. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/measlesSource2:-Kondamudi NP, Waymack JR. Measles. [Updated 2023 Aug 12]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2024 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK448068/Disclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment.Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h...https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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Dengue vs Chikungunya symptoms

What preventive measures would you consider taking to reduce the risk of contracting mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue or chikungunya?These follow are:-Causes:Dengue and chikungunya are both contracted through mosquito bites.Common Symptoms:Shared symptoms include high fever, headaches, joint and muscle pain, fatigue, rashes, and nausea.Mosquito Vectors:Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes spread both diseases, with Aedes aegypti more commonly transmitting dengue.Duration of Illness:Chikungunya symptoms typically last 1 to 2 weeks, with prolonged joint pain. Dengue illness lasts 2 to 7 days, but severe cases may require hospitalization and a longer recovery.Long-Term Effects:Chikungunya can result in persistent joint pain, while severe dengue can pose serious risks such as bleeding, organ problems, and shock.Joint Pain Distribution:Chikungunya causes intense joint pain, especially in hands and feet, while dengue may lead to muscle pain, notably in the back of arms and legs.Swelling and Bleeding:Chikungunya may cause joint swelling without bleeding, whereas severe dengue can lead to bleeding from gums, nose, or skin.Diagnosis:A blood test by a doctor is necessary to determine whether it is dengue or chikungunya. It's crucial to inform the doctor about recent travel or mosquito bites.Source:-https://osler-health.com/news/chikungunya-vs-dengue-know-the-differenceDisclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment. Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h...https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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The H3N2 Virus : Symptoms, Treatment, and How to Avoid It?

H3N2 virus, also known as the Influenza A virus, which is a subtype of influenza virus that causes respiratory infections in humans.The main symptoms of the H3N2 virus are similar to other types of flu, including:● Fever● Cough● Sore throat● Runny or stuffy nose● Body aches● Headache● FatigueIn some cases, the H3N2 virus can lead to more severe symptoms, such as pneumonia, which can be life-threatening.Children, the elderly, and people with weakened immune systems are particularly vulnerable to complications from the H3N2 virus.Here are 5 things you can do to avoid getting the H3N2 virus:1. Get an annual flu vaccine2. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water3. Avoid close contact with sick people4. Stay home from work or school if you are sick5. Use hand sanitizer and wear a mask to reduce the spread of the virus.To treat the H3N2 virus, there are several steps you can take to alleviate symptoms and feel better:1. First and foremost, it is important to rest and stay hydrated. Drinking plenty of fluids can help flush out the virus from your system and prevent dehydration.2. Over-the-counter medications like acetaminophen or ibuprofen can be helpful in reducing fever and pain associated with H3N2 virus. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before taking any medications.3. Antiviral medications, such as oseltamivir and zanamivir, can be effective in treating H3N2 virus if they are taken within 48 hours of the first symptoms. These medications help to shorten the duration of the illness and reduce the severity of symptoms.4. In addition to medication, using a humidifier or steam can help relieve congestion and other symptoms of H3N2 virus. This can be especially helpful at night when symptoms can be more severe.Protect yourself and your loved ones from H3N2 virus by taking necessary precautions. Don't be afraid of the flu, but be proactive in preventing it. Remember to always consult a healthcare provider before taking medication and stay home if you experience symptoms.Disclaimer:- This information is intended to supplement, not substitute, advice from your healthcare provider or doctor. It does not cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions, or side effects, and may not be appropriate for your specific healthcare needs. Always consult with your doctor or another qualified healthcare provider before modifying or discontinuing any prescribed portion of your healthcare plan or treatment, in order to determine the best course of therapy for you. Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h…https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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Do I have Cancer? | What are the signs our body shows during cancer?

Cancer stands to be the 2nd leading cause of death globally. About 20 million new cases of cancer and 9.7 million deaths due to cancer were reported in 2022.Cancer generally refers to uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that destroys the normal cells and can spread in the whole body.Here are 7 early signs that your body indicates when you have Cancer:1. Rapid and Uncontrolled Weight Loss:You might experience a sudden and rapid weight loss of more than 5 kgs in a month, without doing and exercise or workout.Weight loss is not just a sign of cancer, but it can also happen due to other disease like diabetes, thyroid disorders, etc.2. Changes in Skin Appearance:Your skin may look yellow, or get red or dark in colour, develop warts, moles that gets larger, and pigmentation or discoloration as a sign of cancer.It may also feel tight, warm and itchy due to changes occurring inside the body due to increased growth of cancer cells.3. Formation of Lumps Under Skin:You might notice lumps in your breasts, or thickening of tissues under the skinThe lumps can be felt easily, if you examine your breast regularly.4. Flatulence:Flatulence or farts accompanied with pain and discomfort in stomach and last for longer period of time, and it is not caused by indigestion or any gastrointestinal issues or menstruation than, it could be a sign of cancer.5. Wounds that don't heal:If you get a cut or any wound, on your body or including the tongue, gums or cheeks which is taking a longer time to heal,Then it might indicate the sign of cancer. Because whole body starts working to fight off cancer cells and keeping such wounds as minor problems.6. Change in urine and stool:You might notice changes in urine color, smell, or find blood in urine and feel urgency to pee frequently and pain during urination. You might feel constipated or get diarrhea more often, then these can also be indicative signs of cancer.7. Fatigue:You may feel tired all the time without even doing any activities, it may also be a sign of cancer. It happens because all of the energy and nutrients we get from our food is taken by the cancer cells for their growth and we don't feel energized.Remember, these are the signs that may indicate sign of cancer but it can also be caused due to other diseases. So, it's better to get diagnosed your doctor for early treatment.Source:-1. Cancer Statistics - NCI. (n.d.). Cancer Statistics - NCI. Retrieved May 16, 2024, from https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/understanding/statistics2. Symptoms of Cancer - NCI. (2024, May 16). Symptoms of Cancer - NCI. https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/diagnosis-staging/symptoms3. Scheel, B. I., & Holtedahl, K. (2015). Symptoms, signs, and tests: The general practitioner's comprehensive approach towards a cancer diagnosis. Scandinavian journal of primary health care, 33(3), 170–177. https://doi.org/10.3109/02813432.2015.1067512Disclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment.Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h...https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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COVID-19 Update: JN.1 Variant Alert in India | Latest Signs and Symptoms

“Do you know about the new COVID-19 variant JN.1? ”“Do you know enough?”JN.1 is a descendant of the Omicron sub-variant BA.2.86 and has been classified as a 'variant of interest' by the World Health Organization (WHO). It was first detected in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, on December 8, 2023.What are the symptoms of the new COVID-19 variant?The symptoms of the new variant may include:feverrunny nosesore throatheadachesminor gastrointestinal issuesfatiguemuscle weakness.Also, it is important to note that these symptoms are not different from other respiratory diseases such as the flu. If a patient experiences mild symptoms, only the treatment of symptoms might do the job. While an alarming situation can be breathlessness, which could indicate a serious complication. It can be more risky for elderly individuals and those with compromised immune systems.Despite the potential severity of this new variant, WHO marked the global public health risk from JN.1 as low. This is due to the effectiveness of vaccinations and protection measures being against JN.1.Suggested Read: Covishield Side Effects !Protective measures:The individuals should follow these protective measures to stay safe from the new variant:Keep your distance from people who are infected or are at risk of infection.Wear a mask in crowded or enclosed spaces, especially when the expected transmission rates are high.Regularly wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.Ensure good airflow in indoor spaces by increasing ventilation or using air purifiers.Suggested Read: COVID-19 Variant BF.7 - Don't Panic , Stay InformedIn conclusion, it is crucial to stay aware/informed, follow public health guidelines carefully, report symptoms immediately, and maintain respiratory hygiene. Together, we can tackle the challenges and keep our communities safe. Stay tuned for further updates as the situation evolves.

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How does the Influenza A subtype H3N2 virus spread and infect our body?

Why the flu keeps coming back every year?It's because the influenza virus is constantly mutating, making it difficult for our immune system to fight it off. In today's video, we're going to talk about one specific strain of the flu virus - Influenza A subtype H3N2.So, how does this virus transmit and cause infection in the host body?Well, the H3N2 virus spreads through respiratory droplets when an infected person sneezes or coughs. These droplets can land on surfaces or be inhaled by someone nearby, leading to infection. The virus then enters the body through the nose, mouth, or eyes, and begins to replicate in the respiratory tract.When the H3N2 virus enters the body, it attaches itself to specific cells in the respiratory tract. These cells are like the virus's key to getting inside the body. Once inside, the virus hijacks the cell's machinery to make more copies of itself. These copies are like little virus soldiers that can attack other cells in the respiratory tract. When the virus soldiers invade more and more cells, the respiratory tract becomes inflamed and irritated, causing symptoms like fever, cough, and body aches..How can you protect yourself from H3N2?The best way is by getting vaccinated every year. The flu vaccine contains a dead or weakened version of the virus, which stimulates the immune system to create antibodies against it. These antibodies can then recognize and fight off the live virus if you're exposed to it in the future.Understanding how the Influenza A subtype H3N2 virus spreads and infects our body can empower us to take better care of ourselves during flu season. By getting vaccinated, practicing good hygiene, and staying informed about the latest developments in the fight against the flu, we can protect ourselves and those around us from this constantly mutating virus. So let's take charge of our health and stay healthy! Thanks for watching. -Disclaimer:- This information is intended to supplement, not substitute, advice from your healthcare provider or doctor. It does not cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions, or side effects, and may not be appropriate for your specific healthcare needs. Always consult with your doctor or another qualified healthcare provider before modifying or discontinuing any prescribed portion of your healthcare plan or treatment, in order to determine the best course of therapy for you. Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h...https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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Is Climate Change Turning Fungi into Deadly Pathogens

What did the study on Cryptococcus deneoformans reveal about its response to high temperatures?These follow are:-Fungal Threat in Focus:Fungi, less explored compared to bacteria and viruses, pose emerging health threats.Considered an area needing attention to prevent potential pandemics similar to viral outbreaks.Cryptococcus deneoformans Study:Pathogenic fungus causing severe infections in immunocompromised individuals.Notably affects those with conditions like HIV/AIDS or undergoing cancer treatment.Response to High Temperatures:Duke University School of Medicine study reveals the behavior of Cryptococcus deneoformans under high temperatures.Activates specific genes, producing "heat shock proteins" for survival in hot conditions.These proteins enhance the fungus's strength, potentially increasing its danger.Outer Layer Adaptation:Fungus alters its outer layer in response to high temperatures.Outer layer becomes more resilient to medicinal treatments, posing challenges in infection treatment.Implications of the Study:Highlights the potential impact of climate change on fungal behavior.Points to the need for new strategies to combat infections and protect vulnerable individuals.Future Challenges and Research:As temperatures rise, fungal infections may become more common and harder to treat.Emphasizes the necessity for further research to develop improved methods to combat these infections and safeguard at-risk populations.Disclaimer:- This information is intended to supplement, not substitute, advice from your healthcare provider or doctor. It does not cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions, or side effects, and may not be appropriate for your specific healthcare needs. Always consult with your doctor or another qualified healthcare provider before modifying or discontinuing any prescribed portion of your healthcare plan or treatment, in order to determine the best course of therapy for you. Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h…https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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Deadly Zika Virus!

Zika Virus- Are you familiar with it?As the name is quite intriguing, let’s start with the same. Zika Virus is named after a forest in Uganda named Zika Forest where it was discovered in 1947.Although unknown for years, it gained global attention in2015 due to a significant outbreak in America, especially in Brazil.What is Zika Virus?Zika virus is a deadly virus usually transmitted through a mosquito bite, leading to severe complications and even death in a lot of cases. It can cause birth defects and brain related disorders in the baby born to an infected mother. This results in abnormally small heads and underdeveloped brains in the baby. It is also linked to a rare autoimmune disorder called Guillain-Barré syndrome, which can lead to muscle weakness and even paralysis.Suggested read: What Happens To Brain In DepressionHow is Zika Virus transmitted?It is mainly transmitted to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes, namedAedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus.The virus can also spread through blood transfusion, sexual contact and from an infected mother to the baby during pregnancy.Suggested read: From Mosquitoes To Humans: How Dengue Fever SpreadsHow can Zika Virus be prevented?If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, postpone your travel plans to regions with active transmission.Use condoms to prevent sexual transmission of the virus.Implement blood screening and testing to reduce the risk of transmission through blood transfusions.Maintain proper sanitation around you and stay in air-conditioned or screened-in areas.Zika might be deadly but definitely preventable, so take necessary precautions, be aware and stay safe!