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Flesh Eating bacteria that can kill in 2 days| A rare and deadly bacteria that is on rise in Japan!

Nearly 1000 cases of Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS) has been reported by June 2024, in Japan. This infection has drawn most attention after COVID 19.According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), flesh eating bacteria are Group A Streptococcus(GAS) bacteria, mostly found in the throat, that usually cause sore throat and skin infections.STSS is caused when the GAS bacteria enters the body areas where bacteria are rarely found such as deep muscles and blood.Who is at risk of getting STSS?- People who are above age 65- Who recently had surgery- Who have had chickenpox, shingles, recently- Who has diabetes, and open wounds or sores- And people who drink alcohol regularlyWhat are symptoms of STSS?It starts with fever, chills, rashes, muscle pain, nausea and vomiting.It usually gets well initially and then causes acute illness which leads to low blood pressure in 24-48 hours and organ failure with increased heart rate.How is STSS treated?STSS is treated with antibiotics and intravenous fluids and other treatment options for organ failure and surgery to remove infected tissue.Source:-1. Davies H. D. (2001). Flesh-eating disease: A note on necrotizing fasciitis. The Canadian journal of infectious diseases = Journal canadien des maladies infectieuses, 12(3), 136–140. https://doi.org/10.1155/2001/8571952. Dennis L. Stevens, The Flesh-Eating Bacterium: What's Next?, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 179, Issue Supplement_2, March 1999, Pages S366–S374, https://doi.org/10.1086/513851Disclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment. Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h..https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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Diabetes: Myths and Facts!

According to the International Diabetes Federation(IDF), about 6 million death occur due to diabetes each year globally. Diabetes is commonly mistaken as a minor disease that doesn’t cause any further health issues, which is a myth. while, the fact is that if diabetes is left untreated then it can affect other organs such as the kidneys, liver, and heart.In this video we will discuss the most common myths about diabetes.1. Myth: People with diabetes can't eat sugar! Fact: This is the most common myth about diabetes, but that's not true.People with diabetes can eat sugar but in limitation instead of eating sugar free diets. Because sugar is essential for body to produce glucose, while excessive sugar intake can lead to high blood glucose. 2. Myth: Only Obese People Can Get Diabetes. Fact: People who are underweight or normal weight can also get diabetes. However, obese people are at higher risk of getting diabetes because, excess fat in the body stops the glucose from being transferred to the cells leading to high blood glucose. 3. Myth: I eat a lot of sweets and sugar daily, I’ll get diabetes. Fact: Eating sugar or sweets in moderation doesn't cause diabetes. But, the amount of carbohydrates you take and the amount of glucose that is made from those sugars can cause insulin resistance and make you overweight and hence increase the risk of diabetes. 4. Myth: Now, my blood sugar is under control, so I don't have to take diabetes medicines. Fact: Diabetes is a disease that can be controlled with a healthy lifestyle and food options, but it doesn't get cured. Instead it keeps progressing, so you should never stop eating diabetes medicine to keep your sugar level in control. 5. Myth: You can't drink alcohol if you are diabetic!Fact: You can drink alcohol in moderation, if you have diabetes. Drinking too much alcohol in diabetes can lead to severe hypoglycemia, a condition where your blood sugar levels drop.Source:-1.8 diabetes myths you shouldn't believe. (2024, June 13). 8 diabetes myths you shouldn't believe. https://www.bhf.org.uk/informationsupport/heart-matters-magazine/nutrition/myths-about-diet-and-diabetes2. Rai, M., & Kishore, J. (2009). Myths about diabetes and its treatment in North Indian population. International journal of diabetes in developing countries, 29(3), 129–132. https://doi.org/10.4103/0973-3930.54290Disclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment. Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h…https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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5 Best fruits for Fatty Liver!

Fatty liver is a condition where fat gets deposited over the liver making it inefficient to work well and it can lead to severe liver disorders such as fribrosis and cirrhosis of liver.In this video we will be talking about 5 top fruits that can help reverse fatty liver.1. Kiwi: Kiwi fruits are rich in antioxidants, which helps in break down of foods into energy and prevent accumulation of fats which causes fatty liver.2. Avocado: Avocado contains oleic acid that helps in reducing total cholesterol levels and its high fibre content keeps you full for long time keeping your blood sugar in control.3. Oranges: Oranges are packed with vitamin C which is well known for liver detoxification by preventing the fat deposition in the body.4. Tamarind: Tamarind are high in fibre which keeps you full for long time by suppressing your appetite. They also have amount of antioxidants which helps in preventing fat deposition in the liver.5. Papaya: Papaya is rich in vitamin C and antioxidants that prevents the buildup of fats in blood vessels. It also reduces the level of total cholesterol in the body preventing the fatty liver disease.Remember, each individual is different, so different fruits are advised according to their condition.Source:-1. Pathak, M. P., Pathak, K., Saikia, R., Gogoi, U., Patowary, P., Chattopadhyay, P., & Das, A. (2023). Therapeutic potential of bioactive phytoconstituents found in fruits in the treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A comprehensive review. Heliyon, 9(4), e15347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e153472. Alami, F., Alizadeh, M., & Shateri, K. (2021). The Effect of 6-months Fruit-rich Diet on Liver Steatosis, Liver Enzymes, Insulin Resistance, and Lipid Profile in Patients With Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: a Randomized Clinical Trial.Disclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment. Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h…https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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3 Medical Conditions that cause rapid weight gain!

Weight gain can occur due to different factors sometimes, it could be a disease and sometimes it could be due to some medications.A perfect example to explain this is: Anant Ambani, the son of Asia’s Richest Person who has uncontrollable weight gain. Why is he so obesed?It's not because of laziness, he has had a medical condition called asthma since his childhood, and he has been on steroids to keep his condition under control. Steroids can cause fluid accumulation, electrolyte imbalance and altered metabolism that leads to increased appetite and decreased breakdown of food into energy leading to weight gain especially in regions like abdomenl, face and shoulder.There are many other medical conditions that can lead to rapid weight gain such as:1. Thyroid disorders: Your thyroid gland releases hormones that regulates body metabolism which includes the conversion of food into energy. When the thyroid hormone is less produced, the metabolism slows down ultimately, leading to lesser calories burn in the body, causing weight gain.2. Polycystic Ovarian Disease: Also known as PCOD or PCOS. This condition leads to insulin resistance in the body. Insulin is a hormone that converts sugars into energy and transfers them into cells. Insulin resistance causes accumulation of glucose in the blood and increase in the production of male hormones which leads to more body hair growth, pimples and weight gain especially in the abdominal area.3. Cushing’s Syndrome: Cushing’s Syndrome is a condition where you have a high level of cortisol hormone in your body. Increased cortisol levels causes deposition of fats into chest, abdominal and facial area, turning a person's face round shape also called as moon face. Fats also get deposited on the back of neck and shoulders leading to a buffalo hump.Source:-1. Obesity - Causes. (n.d.). Obesity - Causes. Retrieved June 6, 2024, from https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/obesity/causes/2. https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/obesity/conditioninfo/causeDisclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment. Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h…https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

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Body Changes and Itching During Pregnancy part 1!

Changes that occur in a mother during pregnancy:-Weight Gain: With a growing baby, the mother's body also grows, leading to increase in weight.- Hormonal Fluctuations: Various changes occurs in body due to pregnancy hormones, that may affect the skin, hair, and mood.- Stretch Marks: The skin stretches to accommodate the growing baby, which results in stretch marks in areas like belly, thighs, and breasts.-Swelling: Many women develop swelling in their feet, ankles, and hands due to water accumulation in body.-Itching: Itching on the stomach, breasts, and other parts of the body is commonly seen during pregnancy.Causes of Itching During Pregnancy:-Itching during pregnancy can be caused due to a various number of factors, such as:1. Changes in Hormones: Fluctuating hormone levels can lead to dry and itchy skin.2. Stretching skin: As the belly expands to accommodate the growing baby, the skin stretches, causing itchiness.3. Liver conditions: In some cases, intense itching, especially on the palms and soles, can indicate a liver condition called intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP).Pregnancy brings transformative yet natural changes to a woman's body as it nurtures new life. Discomforts like itching often result from hormonal shifts and stretching skin. These changes are temporary and normal, as they usually go away with time after the birth of baby.Source:-1. Stefaniak, A.A., Pereira, M.P., Zeidler, C. et al. Pruritus in Pregnancy. Am J Clin Dermatol 23, 231–246 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40257-021-00668-72. Management of pruritus in pregnancy. (1991, January 1). Management of pruritus in pregnancy.3. Varma SR, Sivaprakasam TO, Arumugam I, et al. In vitro anti-inflammatory and skin protective properties of Virgin coconut oil. J Tradit Complement Med. 2018;9(1):5-14. Published 2018 Jan 17. doi:10.1016/j.jtcme.2017.06.0124. Gopinath, H., & Karthikeyan, K. (2021). Neem in Dermatology: Shedding Light on the Traditional Panacea. Indian journal of dermatology, 66(6), 706. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijd.ijd_562_215. Prasad S, Aggarwal BB. Turmeric, the Golden Spice: From Traditional Medicine to Modern Medicine. In: Benzie IFF, Wachtel-Galor S, editors. Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. 2nd edition. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press/Taylor & Francis; 2011. Chapter 13. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK92752/Disclaimer:-This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Consult your healthcare provider before making any changes to your treatment. Do not ignore or delay professional medical advice based on anything you have seen or read on Medwiki.Find us at:https://www.instagram.com/medwiki_/?h…https://twitter.com/medwiki_inchttps://www.facebook.com/medwiki.co.in/

Shorts

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5 exercises to shape up your chest |

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Dr. Dharmika Dodiya

Senior Physiotherapist

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4 ways to keep your heart healthy!

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4 exercises to increase stamina in men!

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Dr. Dharmika Dodiya

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