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Baby’s hunger signs. Cry or before that. When to feed my baby!

Little ones do not talk but they have a very interesting way of communicating their needs to their mother.We have often heard about crying: A tool they use, to get what they need. To sleep, to get cleaned, to be held; they communicate all this by just crying and every mother understands what her child wants. Although this might take a little time for a mother to get used to.It is often said ‘Baby’s are their best judge to know if they are hungry’. And hence, they reflect certain hunger signs, which help the mothers to understand that they are hungry.What are the baby’s hunger signs ?Hunger signs are divided into:1. Early signs: Licking or smacking lips, moving the mouth (in search of milk), sucking on fingers or toys.2. Active hunger signs: Rubbing against the person carrying him, responding to your touch, expecting milk from you when you touch.3. Late hunger signs: Rapid movement of the head and crying out loud.It is always recommended to identify the early signs and feed the baby before it is too late and the baby starts crying out loud.We recommend responsive/ demand feeding (according to the hunger signs) rather than scheduled/ timely feeding.Source:-1. https://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/infantandtoddlernutrition/mealtime/signs-your-child-is-hungry-or-full.html2. https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-023-15325-3#:~:text=Infant%20hunger%20cues%20include%20putting,%2C%20and%20vocalizations%20%5B26%5D.

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Going abroad for higher studies? You might need these medicines!

Congratulations, students, on getting your student visa granted and starting a life-changing journey from your home country to abroad.From a Mumma's boy and daddy's little girl to an independent adult with a career goal, you're all set to go!Every year, from August to September, about 750,000 students from India travel to the USA, Canada, Australia, the UK, and many other countries for higher education. From packing clothes, utensils, shoes, laptops, and all documents to the food items secretly placed in your bag by your mom, one main thing often gets overlooked - a customized first aid kit.Just imagine you have landed at your destination, and the food or weather has affected you, causing cold, fever, or diarrhea. Where would you go looking for medicines? But you and your family will have no worries if you have that first aid kit with you.Now, you might be thinking whether it is allowed to carry your first aid kit at the airport or not. Carrying your daily medicines and a first aid kit is allowed at airports.So, let's talk about the 33 medicines that you must carry in your first aid kit while traveling:Sanitizer or Antibacterial Wipes: You don't know when or where you might catch an infection or a fatal disease like COVID-19, so a hand sanitizer is a must-carry item and should be used before and after touching a wound, after a handshake, or before eating to kill germs.Recommendation: Dettol Hand SanitizerInstant Hot Pack and Cold Pack: Hot packs are important to get relief from excessive cold, and a cold pack can help relieve burns or bruises.Recommendation: Flamingo Cool PackThermometer: A thermometer is a must to check fever temperature.Recommendation: Hicks Digital ThermometerBandages: Different-sized bandages and adhesive bandages must be kept in the first aid kit.Recommendation: Band AidAntiseptic Liquid: Antiseptics like Dettol or Betadine solution can be carried to clean any cuts or wounds.Recommendation: Dettol Antiseptic 125ml LiquidAntibiotic Cream or Ointment: For local application for cuts, boils, and skin infections. It can cause an allergic reaction, so a thin layer is recommended.Suggested medicine: Mupicip 2% OintmentPain Relief Ointment: Traveling, long sitting, or lifting heavy luggage can cause muscle aches or back pain. A pain relief cream for local application can be helpful.Suggested medicine: Religel ointment | Diclofenac (30gm)Oral Rehydration Solution: Sometimes, food from outside can cause indigestion, loose motion, and vomiting, leading to dehydration and loss of essential electrolytes like sodium, potassium, and glucose from the body. An ORS is helpful in treating dehydration due to loose motion or vomiting.Recommendation: Electral Powder | Sodium Chloride IP 2.60 gms, Potassium Chloride IP 1.50 gms, Sodium Citrate IP 2.90 gms, Dextrose Anhydrous IP.Fever and Pain Medicine: Weather changes and tiredness can lead to fever and headaches associated with body pain. Even due to some infections, you may get a fever. In that case, medicine for treating aches/pains, fever, and headaches is required.Suggested medicine: Tab Calpol or Crocin | Paracetamol 650mgPrecautions: Remember not to take this medicine if you have any liver disorders.Pain and Anti-inflammatory Medicine: These medicines can relieve pain and any swelling in the body caused by an injury.Suggested medicine: Tab Combiflam | Ibuprofen (400mg) + Paracetamol (325mg)Precautions: Remember not to take this medicine if you have any kidney-related problems or are already taking any other medicine that contains the same salt composition.Muscle Relaxants: Sometimes, due to weakness caused by a lack of nutrients in the body, muscle sprains can occur. They are used for muscle pull sprains.Suggested medicine: Tab Flexinol | Flupenthixol (0.5mg) or Cap Ace Proxyvon | Aceclofenac (100mg) + Paracetamol (325mg)Gastric Medicine: It can relieve acute gastritis or reduce gas formation caused by skipping breakfast or lunch due to some urgent work.Suggested medicine: Tab Rabee | Rabeprazole (20mg)Chewable Digestive Tablets: These can relieve indigestion and acidity. After having your meal, if your food travels back to your throat or you feel bloated or gassy, these chewable digestive tablets can provide relief.Suggested medicine: Tab Digene chewable | Aluminum Hydroxide (300mg) + Magnesium Aluminium Silicate Hydrate (50mg) + Magnesium Hydroxide (25mg) + Simethicone (25mg)Anti-Allergic Medicine: It is used for allergies, itching, cold, sneezing, insect bites, and asthma.Suggested medicine: Tab Alerid | Cetirizine (10mg)Medicine for Vomiting: These medicines are used for nausea & vomiting. For motion sickness, it can be taken ½ hour prior to the start of the journey.Suggested medicine: Tab Domstal | Domperidone (20mg)Anti-diarrheal Medicine: These are used for loose motions to reduce the frequency of going to the toilet.Suggested medicine: Cap Imodium | Loperamide (2mg)Medicine for Severe Diarrhea: They can be used for severe diarrhea only under medical supervision. They can also be used for urinary tract infections.Suggested medicine: Tab Cifran CT | Ciprofloxacin (500mg) + Tinidazole (600mg)Multivitamins and Probiotics: Multivitamins for general body weakness and probiotics for loose motion or diarrhea.Suggested medicine: Nutrolin B capsules (lactobacillus spores) | Multivitamin + lactobacillus sporesEye Drops: It is used for the treatment of any bacterial eye or ear infection until you get to see an ophthalmologist. It can cause eye irritation and blurred vision for a while after applying, so do not drive while using this drop. Also, if you wear contact lenses, don’t use them until your infection is over.Suggested medicine: Ciplox eye drops | Ciprofloxacin (0.3% w/v)Nasal Drops: It can be used for nose blocks caused by sinusitis or other allergies that have continued for three days.Suggested medicine: Otrivin Nose drops | Xylometazoline Hydrochloride Solution I.P.Antibiotics: Antibiotics are used to treat infections of the lungs, ear, throat, sinuses, bones, joints, and urinary tract infections. They don’t work for viral infections. These medicines should only be taken on the advice of a physician, and completing the dose is required, or else you can get the infection again.Suggested medicine: Tab Ceftum | Cefuroxime (250mg) or Tab Augmentin | Amoxicillin (500mg) + Clavulanic Acid (125mg)Abdominal Pain Medicine: They can be used for stomach pain or period cramps that occur during menstruation.Suggested medicine: Tab Cyclopam | Dicyclomine (20mg) + Paracetamol (500mg)Sinusitis Medicine: It is used for colds, sinusitis, and other allergic infections with headaches. It can cause drowsiness.Suggested medicine: Tab Sinarest | Chlorpheniramine Maleate (2mg) + Paracetamol (500mg) + Phenylephrine (10mg)Medicine for Motion Sickness: Prevents and treats nausea and vomiting associated with motion sickness.Suggested medicine: Tab Stugeron | Cinnarizine (25mg)Pain Relief for Joint Ache: Effective in relievingJoint Ache or pain of any sortSuggested medicine: Tab Meftal P | Mefenamic Acid (500mg)Pain Relief for Stomach Cramps:For Stomach Ache or Cramps , dysmenorrhoea.Suggested medicine: Tab Meftal Spas | Dicyclomine (20mg) + Mefenamic Acid (500mg)Lozenges for Sore Throat: Provides relief from throat irritation and cough.Suggested medicine: Alex 5mg Lozenges | Ambroxol Hydrochloride (5mg)Antibiotic for Bacterial Infections: Effective in treating various bacterial infections andFor throat ache, with fever if penicillin allergySuggested medicine: Tab Zifi | Cefixime (200mg)Antibiotic for Respiratory Infections: Treats respiratory tract infections andfor Amoebic intestine ( Mucus with cramps)Suggested medicine: Tab O2H | Ofloxacin (200mg) + Ornidazole (500mg)Antibiotic for Severe Infections: Treats severe bacterial infections includingbacterial Intestine ( blood and no cramps)Suggested medicine: Tab Cifran | Ciprofloxacin (500mg)Medicine for Cold and Flu: Relieves symptoms of cold and flu.Suggested medicine: Tab Wikoryl | Paracetamol (500mg) + Chlorpheniramine Maleate (2mg) + Phenylephrine (10mg)Natural Laxative: For relieving constipation , to be taken at nightSuggested medicine: Powder Softovac | Natural fiber blendPrescription Medicine: Any medicine prescribed by your doctor for your medical condition.How to Safely Use Your First Aid KitAfter packing all these medicines, it's essential to know how to use them wisely. Follow these points:Take your medicines as advised by your doctor only and Avoid self medication.Discard any medicines that have expired.Always keep medicines with their labels to know their uses.Don't forget to carry the prescription for your medicines.In case of emergency, try to seek medical assistance.Now that you're all set with your packing, you can travel with peace of mind and handle any pain, cuts, or bruises during your journey. Safe travels and best wishes for your new adventure

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Worried about your baby's health in the womb? Here is what you should know!

Often this question comes in the mind of every pregnant woman whether the baby growing in the womb is safe and healthy or not. It is not easy to go to the doctor every time.So how can you find out whether the baby growing in the womb is healthy or not while sitting at home?During pregnancy, women see many such symptoms in their body which indicate whether the baby is well in the womb or not.Let's know about those symptoms:Women often complain of vomiting and dizziness, but this is completely normal. This is due to hormonal changes in pregnancy.As the baby grows, your uterus increases upward pressure which can cause difficulty in breathing. Also, there may be complaints of waist pain, shoulder pain and back pain. All these are signs of the baby being healthy.During the second and third trimester, the mother's weight can increase by 10-12 kg and stretch marks can also appear on the stomach, breast or different parts of the body.Your breasts may feel heavy and the nipples may become sore The surrounding area may also turn black. This is also a healthy sign, it means that your breasts are making milk for the baby.In the second trimester, the baby starts moving and kicking. Some women start feeling the baby's movement at 5 months, and some women feel it even before 5 months.Due to the growing baby and uterus, women's legs may swell and the veins of the legs also become visible from above, which is called varicose veins. This is also a sign of the baby being healthy.To know the symptoms of danger to the baby in the womb, do watch our next video. And for more such information, do like, share and subscribe to our channel Medwiki.Source:-1. Kepley JM, Bates K, Mohiuddin SS. Physiology, Maternal Changes. [Updated 2023 Mar 12]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2024 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK539766/2. Soma-Pillay, P., Nelson-Piercy, C., Tolppanen, H., & Mebazaa, A. (2016). Physiological changes in pregnancy. Cardiovascular journal of Africa, 27(2), 89–94. https://doi.org/10.5830/CVJA-2016-021

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5 Simple home remedies for dry & irritated eyes| Treat dry and irritated eyes without any medicine!

Dry eyes means your tear glands in eyes are not producing enough tears to lubricate your eyes. Lubrication of eyes is important to keep the eye healthy.Dry eyes can be caused due to clogged tear glands or external weather such as extreme heat or too cold and also dehydration.Here are a 5 home remedies to treat dry and irritated eyes:1. Try warm compression with a cloth soaked and squeezed from warm water and place it over your eyes. And slowly press the eye edges to eliminate the clogged oils from the tear glands.2. Blink more when you are working on a laptop and also try to rest your eyes for at least 5 minutes after one hour of computer or screen use. Simply close your eyes after every 1 hour of using screen.3. you can do is to clean your eyes and eyelids well with baby soap and water to remove all the dirt. It can help remove any irritation and inflammation in eyes.4. You can increase the intake of Omega 3 fatty acids which can enhance the activity of eye glands and help your eye work better.5. You can keep yourself hydrated that helps to maintain the moisture in your body including eyes. Try drinking 10-12 glasses of water each day.Source:-1. Prinz, J., Maffulli, N., Fuest, M., Walter, P., Hildebrand, F., & Migliorini, F. (2023). Honey-Related Treatment Strategies in Dry Eye Disease. Pharmaceuticals (Basel, Switzerland), 16(5), 762. https://doi.org/10.3390/ph160507622. Mittal, R., Patel, S., & Galor, A. (2021). Alternative therapies for dry eye disease. Current opinion in ophthalmology, 32(4), 348–361. https://doi.org/10.1097/ICU.0000000000000768

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Heavy Rainfall Causes Water Logging| It's Effects on Health: Malaria, Dengue, Cholera, Chickungunya!

The first monsoon has been a great relief after hot summers and a great gift for farmers. But, the heavy rain caused water logging in different regions of India like Delhi, Ayodhya and Gurgaon and also became the reason behind a roof collapsing at Indira Gandhi International Airport leading to casualties.When the rain water doesn't get a proper drainage, they get pooled and are known as standing water, stagnant water, water logging or more, which can be dangerous to your health as they increase the risk of various infectious diseases.Let's talk about the health effects and diseases caused by water logging:1. Water logged areas provide a favorable environment for deadly viruses and parasites to grow, which can cause dengue, malaria, chikungunya, and cholera in humans.2. Water logging can lead to eye infections like conjunctivitis and keratitis when this water comes in contact with the eyes.4. When your skin gets into contact with logged water, the bacteria and fungi can transfer onto your skin causing fungal infections such as eczema, or dermatitis.5. Water logging can cause gastrointestinal infections as it creates a suitable environment for bacteria, viruses and parasites to grow and reproduce easily. And when you drink this contaminated water, it can cause various stomach infections.6. The spores of bacteria, virus or parasites from the logged water can get into your airways by getting mixed along with the air you breathe. These mould spores cause irritation in the airways and cause respiratory issues like asthma, and allergic rhinitis.So, in order to prevent such health hazards it is important to take precautions such as proper drainage of water, and sanitation.Source:-1. Rahman, S., & Rahman, S. H. (2011). Indigenous coping capacities due to water-logging, drinking water scarcity and sanitation at Kopotaksho basin, Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Environmental Research, 9(1), 7-16. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/2357022542. https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/emergency/extreme-weather/floods-standingwater.html

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5 Side-effects of eating Maggi everyday| What happens to Your body if you eat maggi daily!

Every time you are hungry, watching a movie, going on a trek, or feeling cold, the first thing that comes to your mind is Maggi. It is super tasty and can be made in 2 minutes, making it the perfect option to eat every time without even considering the side effects.If you are also a Maggie lover and eat Maggi almost daily, you are at the right place.Watch this video till the end to know the potential harm that a Maggie can do to your health:1. When you eat a lot of maggi, its high citric acid content causes antioxidant activity in the body leading to acidity, bloating, and gas.2. Eating maggi every day can lead to obesity and increase the risk of heart disease, because it is high in trans fat, the most unhealthy form of fats, which is hard to digest and it also increases the level of bad cholesterol in the body.3. Maggi contains high amounts of sodium in the form of preservatives, which account for 46% of the daily required value. It can lead to high blood pressure and hypernatremia, a condition when sodium levels are high in the body.4. Maggi is high in Mono Sodium Glutamate(MSG), commonly known as ajinomoto. It is a taste enhancer that keeps you craving to eat maggi again and again and makes you unhealthy.5. Maggi has no nutritional value. It is made of maida or refined flour which contains no fibers and is high in trans fats that can't be easily digested by the body.Source:-1. Sharma, B. P. (2015). Maggi Muddle and Food Safety: Issues are much Bigger. PACIFIC BUSINESS REVIEW INTERNATIONAL, 8(1).https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301887068_Maggi_Muddle_and_Food_Safety_Issues_are_much_Bigger2. Law, C., & Cornelsen, L. (2022). Persistent consumer response to a nationwide food safety recall in urban India. Q open, 2(2), qoac025. https://doi.org/10.1093/qopen/qoac025

Shorts

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Travelling out!!Lets quickly pack all that I will need to feed my child.

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Dr. Dharmika Dodiya

Senior Physiotherapist

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Worried about your child's health?

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Dr. Dharmika Dodiya

Senior Physiotherapist

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Sore throat? Stay away from these fruits!

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Pooja Jangir

Nutritionist

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